About 30 miles north-west from Junâgaṛh is Ḍhânk, in early times an important city, and a few miles west from Ḍhânk, towards the village of Siddhsar, in a ravine called Jhinjuri-jhar, are five plain caves cut in calcareous sandstone. Probably there have been others further up the ravine; but, if so, the decay of the rock has destroyed all trace of them. The furthest to the south has been a verandah facing east, with two cells.

The third has two octagonal pillars in front, with square bases and capitals. The pillars are connected below with the pilasters by a low screen, carved in front with the Buddhist rail of a large pattern. This is the only trace of ornament about these caves.

The last to the north is much larger, and has had six square pillars in front of a narrow verandah. It had an open area inside measuring 13 feet by 20, from which the roof had been cut out, similarly to what remains of a very extensive excavation known as Khengar's Palace at Junâgaṛh. Around this central court it appears to have had a number of cells with a corridor in front of them. In another ravine to the west of this, and running into it a little to the north-west, are other caves, but they are so plain that we need not occupy space describing them.

At the village of Ḍhânk itself there is also a group of small caves, but of much later age. They are the only caves in Kâṭhiâwâṛ that have any mythological sculptures in them; but they are of a very rude description and probably of late date.1 And, again, to the northwest of it, on the way to Jodhpur and not far from the village of Hariêssn, on the west side of the Gadhkâ hill, are some nine more caves. Like those at Siddhsar, they are perfectly plain, most of them with averandah in front, and one or two cells at the back of it.

  • 1. See Second Archæological Report, p. 150.